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DOLMENS AND THE VIA TRAIANA

The old section of road that joined Benevento to Brindisi, favored by the Romans for the trades with the East since 244 BC - The year when the city became a Roman colony -, favored the economic development and the development of farming in the area. The construction of the Via Traiana (The Road of Traiano) from the early second century AD, when that ancient monumental artery was made​​. An analysis conducted on the current boundaries of the farms has allowed us to detect the presence of a cardo (a typical Roman road with north-south orientation) - exactly the seventh leaving from Egnatia - which had originated on the slopes of Mount San Biagio, and which, through the coast land,  ended at the pylon. The Via Traiana is the theme of many of the historical and cultural evidences of this territory: the Roman and medieval underground oil mills, the system of historic farms, the rock settlements, numerous places of worship and then the dry-stone walls and terraces .

Among the many examples of this heritage, the dolmen of Montalbano deserves a special attention. This megalithic monument - also known as "table of champions" - dates back to the Eneolithic (III-II millennium BC); it stands at the meeting point of the territories of Ostuni and Fasano, in the town of Pisco Marano, and it can be reached by continuing from the Casa del Parco (Park House) along Via Traiana in a northerly direction. The term dolmen, of Breton origin, means "stone table" and consists of the words t(a)ol (table) and men (stone). This prehistoric building is in fact made ​​up by two bearing  limestone surmounted by a horizontal slab; it’s said it was used for the worship of the dead or for esoteric rites of Mediterranean populations of the time.

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